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e+Conventions+of+a+e+States%2c+having+at+I+eir+adopting+the+Co!+ressed+a+desire%2c+in+vent+misconst+use+of+its+pow+claratory+and+r+uses+should+be+ad+tending+the+gro+nfidence+in+the+best+ensure+ds+of+its+instit+the+Senate+an+presentatives+ates+of+Americ+sernbled%2c+two+uses+concurri+llowing+Articles+the+Legislatu+eral+States%2c+a+the+Constitut+ited+States%2c+a+zich+Articles%2c+z+%0d%0a32+%0d%0aThe+B+II+of+Rights+The+Pzeamble+to+The+Bill+of+Rights+Congsess+of+the+United+States+begun+and+told+at+the+City+of+New-York%2c+on+Wedn.lsday+the+fourth+of+March%2c+one+thousand+seven+hundred+and+eighty+nine.+%0d%0aTHE+Conventions+of+a+number+of+the+States+having+at+the+time+of+their+adopt-ing+the+Constitution%2c+expressed+a+desire%2c+in+ord2r+to+prevent+misconstruction+or+abuse+of+its+powers%2c+that+further+declara-tory+and+restrictive+clauses+should+be+added%3a+And+as+extending+the+ground+of+public+confidence+in+the+Government%2c+will+best+ensure+the+beneficent+ends+of+its+institution.+%0d%0aRESCLVED+by+the+Senate+and+House+of+Rep+resentatives+of+the+United+States+of+America%2c+in+Congress+assembled%2c+two+thirds+of+both+Houses+concurring%2c+that+tie+following+Articles+be+proposed+to+the+Legislatures+of+the+several+States%2c+as+amendments+to+the+Constitution+of+the+United+States%2c+all%2c+or+any+of+which+Articles%2c+when+ratified+by+three+fourths+of+the+said+Legislatures%2c+to+be+valid+to+all+intent+%3aanti+purposes%2c+as+part+of+the+said+Const%3atution%3b+viz.+ARTICLES+in+addition+to%2c+and+Amend-ment+%e2%96%a0If+the+Constitution+of+the+United+States+of+America%2c+proposed+by+Con-gress%2c+Ind+ratified+by+the+Legislatures+of+the+several+States%2c+pursuant+to+the+fifth+Article+of+the+original+Constitution.+Note%3a+The+first+ten+amendments+to+the+Constitution+in+their+were+ratified+December+IS%2c+1791%2c+and+form+what+is+known+as+the+%22Bill+of+Rights%3a%27+Amendment+I+Congress+shall+snake+no+lass+respecting+an+establishment+of+religion%2c+or+prohibiting+the+free+exercise+therecf%3b+or+abridging+the+freedom+of+speech%2c+or+of+the+press%3b+or+the+right+of+the+people+peaceably+to+assemble%2c+and+to+petition+the+Government+for+a+redress+of+grievances.+Amendment+It+A+well+regulated+Militia%2c+being+necessary+to+the+security+of+a+free+State%2c+he+right+of+the+people+to+keep+and+bear+Arms%2c+shall+not+be+infringed.+Amendment+III+No+Soldier+shall%2c+in+time+c+f+peace+be+quartered+iss+any+house+without+the+consent+of+the+Owner%2c+nor+in+time+of+war%2c+but+in+a+mann%2c+to+be+prescribed+by+law.+Amendment+IV+The+right+of+the+people+%0d%0ato+be+secure+in+their+persons%2c+houses%2c+papers%2c+and+effects%2c+against+unreason-able+searches+and+seizures%2c+shall+not+be+violated%2c+and+no+Warrants+shall+issue%2c+but+upon+probable+cause%2c+supported+by+Oath+or+affirmation%2c+and+particularly+describing+the+place+lobe+searched%2c+and+the+persons+or+things+to+be+seized.+Amendment+V+No+person+shall+be+held+to+answer+for+a+capital%2c+or+otherwise+in-famous+crime%2c+unless+on+a+presentment+or+indictment+of+a+Gmnd+Jury%2c+except+in+cases+arising+in+the+land+or+naval+forces%2c+or+in+the+Militia%2c+when+in+actual+service+in+time+of+War+or+public+danger%3b+nor+shall+any+person+be+subject+for+the+same+offence+to+be+twice+put+in+jeopardy+of+life+or+limb%3b+nor+shall+be+compelled+in+any+criminal+case+to+be+a+witness+against+himself%2c+nor+be+deprived+of+life%2c+liberty%2c+or+property%2c+without+due+process+of+law%3b+nor+shall+private+property+be+taken+for+public+use%2c+without+just+compensation.+Amendment+VI+In+all+criminal+prosecu-tions%2cthe+accused+shall+enjoy+the+right+to+a+speedy+and+public+trial%2c+by+an+impartial+jury+of+the+State+and+district+wherein+the+crime+shall+have+been+com-mitted%2c+which+district+shall+have+been+previously+ascertained+by+law%2c+and+lobe+informed+of+the+nature+and+cause+of+the+accusation%3b+lobe+confronted+with+the+witnesses+against+him%3b+to+have+compul-sory+process+for+obtaining+witnesses+in+his+favor%2c+anti+to+have+the+Assistance+of+Counsel+for+his+defence.+%0d%0aAmendment+VII+In+Suits+at+common+law%2c+where+the+value+in+controversy+shall+exceed+twenty+dollars%2c+the+right+of+trial+by+jury+shall+be+preserved%2c+and+no+fact+tried+by+a+jury%2c+shall+be+otherwise+re-examined+in+any+Court+of+the+United+States%2c+than+according+to+the+rules+of+the+common+law.+%0d%0aAmendment+VIII+Excessive+bail+shall+not+be+required%2c+nor+excessive+fines+imposed%2c+nor+cruel+and+unusual+punish-ments+inflicted.+%0d%0aAmendment+IX+The+enumeration+in+the+Constitution%2c+of+certain+rights%2c+shall+not+be+construed+to+deny+or+disparage+others+retained+by+the+people.+Amendment+X+The+powers+not+delegated+to+the+United+States+by+the+Constitution%2c+nor+prohibited+by+it+to+the+States%2c+are+reserved+to+the+States+respectively%2c+or+to+the+people.+AMENDMENT+XI+Passed+by+%0d%0a
Nlarch+4%2c+1794.+Ratified+February+7%2c+1795.+Note%3a+Article+III%2c+section+2%2c+of+the+Constitution+was+modified+by+amend-ment+11.+The+Judicial+power+of+the+United+States+shall+not+be+construed+to+extend+to+any+suit+in+law+or+equity%2c+com-menced+or+prosecuted+against+one+of+the+United+States+by+Citizens+of+another+State%2c+or+by+Citizens+or+Subjects+of+any+Foreign+State.+AMENDMENT+XII+Passed+by+Con-gress+December+9%2c+1803.+Ratified+June+15%2c+1804.+Note%3a+A+portion+of+Article+II%2c+section+1+of+the+Constitution+was+su-perseded+by+the+12th+amendment.+The+Electors+shall+meet+in+their+respective+states+and+vote+by+ballot+for+President+and+Vice-President%2c+one+of+whom%2c+at+least%2c+shall+not+be+an+inhabitant+of+the+same+state+with+themselves%3b+they+shall+name+in+their+ballots+the+person+voted+for+as+President%2c+and+in+distinct+ballots+Use+person+voted+for+as+Vice-President%2c+and+they+shall+make+distinct+lists+of+all+persons+voted+for+as+President%2c+and+of+all+persons+voted+focus+Vice-President%2c+and+of+the+number+of+votes+for+each%2c+which+lists+they+shall+sign+and+certify%2c+and+transmit+sealed+to+the+seat+of+the+government+of+the+United+States%2c+directed+to+the+President+of+the+Senate%3b+--+the+President+of+the+Senate+shall%2c+in+the+presence+of+the+Senate+and+House+of+Representatives%2c+open+all+the+certificates+and+the+votes+shall+then+be+counted%3b+--+The+person+having+the+greatest+number+of+votes+for+President%2c+shall+be+the+Presi-dent%2c+dwell+number+be+a+majority+of+the+whole+number+of+Electors+appoint-ed%3b+and+if+no+person+have+suds+majority%2c+then+from+the+persons+having+the+high-est+numbers+not+exceeding+three+on+the+list+of+those+voted+for+as+President%2c+the+House+of+Representatives+shall+choose+immediately%2c+by+ballot%2c+the+President.+But+in+choosing+the+President%2c+the+votes+shall+be+taken+by+states%2c+the+representa-tion+from+each+state+having+one+vote%3b+a+quorum+for+this+purpose+shall+consist+of+a+member+or+members+from+two-thirds+of+the+states%2c+and+a+!majority+of+all+the+states+shall+be+necessary+to+a+choice.+%5bAnd+if+the+House+of+Representatives+shall+not+choose+a+President+whenever+the+right+of+choice+shall+devolve+upon+them%2c+before+the+fourth+day+of+March+next+following%2c+then+the+Vice-President+shall+act+as+President%2c+as+in+case+of+the+death+or+other+constitutional+disability+of+the+President.+%e2%80%931%27+The+person+having+the+greatest+number+of+votes+as+Vice-President%2c+shall+be+the+Vice-President%2c+if+%0d%0a32+%0d%0aThe+B+II+of+Rights+The+Pzeamble+to+The+Bill+of+Rights+Congsess+of+the+United+States+begun+and+told+at+the+City+of+New-York%2c+on+Wedn.lsday+the+fourth+of+March%2c+one+thousand+seven+hundred+and+eighty+nine.+%0d%0aTHE+Conventions+of+a+number+of+the+States+having+at+the+time+of+their+adopt-ing+the+Constitution%2c+expressed+a+desire%2c+in+ord2r+to+prevent+misconstruction+or+abuse+of+its+powers%2c+that+further+declara-tory+and+restrictive+clauses+should+be+added%3a+And+as+extending+the+ground+of+public+confidence+in+the+Government%2c+will+best+ensure+the+beneficent+ends+of+its+institution.+%0d%0aRESCLVED+by+the+Senate+and+House+of+Rep+resentatives+of+the+United+States+of+America%2c+in+Congress+assembled%2c+two+thirds+of+both+Houses+concurring%2c+that+tie+following+Articles+be+proposed+to+the+Legislatures+of+the+several+States%2c+as+amendments+to+the+Constitution+of+the+United+States%2c+all%2c+or+any+of+which+Articles%2c+when+ratified+by+three+fourths+of+the+said+Legislatures%2c+to+be+valid+to+all+intent+%3aanti+purposes%2c+as+part+of+the+said+Const%3atution%3b+viz.+ARTICLES+in+addition+to%2c+and+Amend-ment+%e2%96%a0If+the+Constitution+of+the+United+States+of+America%2c+proposed+by+Con-gress%2c+Ind+ratified+by+the+Legislatures+of+the+several+States%2c+pursuant+to+the+fifth+Article+of+the+original+Constitution.+Note%3a+The+first+ten+amendments+to+the+Constitution+in+their+were+ratified+December+IS%2c+1791%2c+and+form+what+is+known+as+the+%22Bill+of+Rights%3a%27+Amendment+I+Congress+shall+snake+no+lass+respecting+an+establishment+of+religion%2c+or+prohibiting+the+free+exercise+therecf%3b+or+abridging+the+freedom+of+speech%2c+or+of+the+press%3b+or+the+right+of+the+people+peaceably+to+assemble%2c+and+to+petition+the+Government+for+a+redress+of+grievances.+Amendment+It+A+well+regulated+Militia%2c+being+necessary+to+the+security+of+a+free+State%2c+he+right+of+the+people+to+keep+and+bear+Arms%2c+shall+not+be+infringed.+Amendment+III+No+Soldier+shall%2c+in+time+c+f+peace+be+quartered+iss+any+house+without+the+consent+of+the+Owner%2c+nor+in+time+of+war%2c+but+in+a+mann%2c+to+be+prescribed+by+law.+Amendment+IV+The+right+of+the+people+%0d%0ato+be+secure+in+their+persons%2c+houses%2c+papers%2c+and+effects%2c+against+unreason-able+searches+and+seizures%2c+shall+not+be+violated%2c+and+no+Warrants+shall+issue%2c+but+upon+probable+cause%2c+supported+by+Oath+or+affirmation%2c+and+particularly+describing+the+place+lobe+searched%2c+and+the+persons+or+things+to+be+seized.+Amendment+V+No+person+shall+be+held+to+answer+for+a+capital%2c+or+otherwise+in-famous+crime%2c+unless+on+a+presentment+or+indictment+of+a+Gmnd+Jury%2c+except+in+cases+arising+in+the+land+or+naval+forces%2c+or+in+the+Militia%2c+when+in+actual+service+in+time+of+War+or+public+danger%3b+nor+shall+any+person+be+subject+for+the+same+offence+to+be+twice+put+in+jeopardy+of+life+or+limb%3b+nor+shall+be+compelled+in+any+criminal+case+to+be+a+witness+against+himself%2c+nor+be+deprived+of+life%2c+liberty%2c+or+property%2c+without+due+process+of+law%3b+nor+shall+private+property+be+taken+for+public+use%2c+without+just+compensation.+Amendment+VI+In+all+criminal+prosecu-tions%2cthe+accused+shall+enjoy+the+right+to+a+speedy+and+public+trial%2c+by+an+impartial+jury+of+the+State+and+district+wherein+the+crime+shall+have+been+com-mitted%2c+which+district+shall+have+been+previously+ascertained+by+law%2c+and+lobe+informed+of+the+nature+and+cause+of+the+accusation%3b+lobe+confronted+with+the+witnesses+against+him%3b+to+have+compul-sory+process+for+obtaining+witnesses+in+his+favor%2c+anti+to+have+the+Assistance+of+Counsel+for+his+defence.+%0d%0aAmendment+VII+In+Suits+at+common+law%2c+where+the+value+in+controversy+shall+exceed+twenty+dollars%2c+the+right+of+trial+by+jury+shall+be+preserved%2c+and+no+fact+tried+by+a+jury%2c+shall+be+otherwise+re-examined+in+any+Court+of+the+United+States%2c+than+according+to+the+rules+of+the+common+law.+%0d%0aAmendment+VIII+Excessive+bail+shall+not+be+required%2c+nor+excessive+fines+imposed%2c+nor+cruel+and+unusual+punish-ments+inflicted.+%0d%0aAmendment+IX+The+enumeration+in+the+Constitution%2c+of+certain+rights%2c+shall+not+be+construed+to+deny+or+disparage+others+retained+by+the+people.+Amendment+X+The+powers+not+delegated+to+the+United+States+by+the+Constitution%2c+nor+prohibited+by+it+to+the+States%2c+are+reserved+to+the+States+respectively%2c+or+to+the+people.+AMENDMENT+XI+Passed+by+%0d%0a
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